A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size.  A crown protects and strengthens tooth structure that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations.

Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth colored crown) are the most popular.  They are highly durable and will last many years, but like most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced.  Porcelain crowns are made to match the shape, size, and color of your teeth giving you a natural, long-lasting beautiful smile.

Reasons for crowns:

  • Broken or fractured teeth;
  • Cosmetic enhancement;
  • Severely decayed teeth;
  • Fractured fillings;
  • Large fillings;
  • Root canal treated teeth.

What does getting a crown involve?

A crown procedure usually requires two appointments.  During your first appointment, while the tooth is numb, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. After the tooth preparation is completed  a highly accurate impression (mold) will be taken that will be used to create your custom crown. A mold will also be used to create a temporary crown which will stay on your tooth until your new crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory. The colour of the crown will also be determined with your input and occasionally with the direct involvement of a laboratory technician (custom shading). Since we have an in-house dental laboratory, you will never need to travel for custom shading or wait too long for minor adjustments!

At your second appointment (usually about a week later) your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, the new crown will be carefully checked and adjusted to achieve a proper fit and a comfortable bite, and cemented into place. Occasionally your dentist may only temporarily cement the crown, allowing your tooth and surrounding tissue time to get used to the new crown. The new crown will be permanently cemented at a later time.

You will be given care instructions and encouraged to have regular dental visits to check your new crown. It is not uncommon to  have slight sensitivity (hot or cold) on a tooth that has been prepared for a crown. This is usually temporary and will  settle after a few days.  If you experience sensitivity which lasts longer or you  are actually experienceing a toothache following treatment, you should contact us immediately so we can  assess whether further treatment is required.

Dental Health

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